TO ORISSA TOUR...........
to the tribal land of Orissa - The southwestern part of Orissa contains the
largest concentration of tribal people in the sub continent. There are more
than 62 tribal communities in Orissa. They have retained their tradition in-spite
of the onslaught of the modern civilization. Visit to some of the tribal villages
and participate in their dance and festival. Discover the original man-nature
proximity trekking amid the deep gorges and rivers or during a ritual tribal
dance on a full moon night. The soft mist, the local-brew and a campfire make
a heady mixture indeed. This is an adventure that offers unique experience,
which the visitor fondly remembers for years to come.
The antiquity of Orissa is endorsed by her ancient people
- They continue to inhabit their traditional dwelling places in remote areas
of the deep forests and hilly interiors. Steeped in the mystery that
surrounds their ancient ways, the Orissan tribal continue to be a source of
deep interest not only for anthropologists and sociologists but also for
numerous tourists who flock to Orissa in search of the exotic mystique of
this relatively unexplored state. The tribal economy is by and large based
on activities around the jungles. Hunting and fishing continue to be the
main source of livelihood though some of the larger tribes such as Santals,
Mundas, and Gonds have become agriculturists. The Juang, Bhuyan, Bondo,
Saura, and Dhruba tribes follow the shifting cultivation practice. The Koya
tribals are cattle breeders while the Mahali and Lohara are simple artisans
involved in basket weaving and tool making. The Santal, Munda and other
tribes have now also become involved in the mining and industrial belt of
Orissa. Though their economy is shaky, the Orissan tribal enjoy a rich and
varied cultural heritage, the most powerful instance of this being in their
music and dance, which are as colorful as they are rhythmical. The cycle of
life offers numerous reasons to celebrate and is done so with vigor and
grace - either in the privacy of family home or as a community activity. The
changing seasons, religious customs, and the traditional rhythms of
superstitious belief are strong incentives for creating a string of
festivals to augment their importance to the tribal.
Paraja tribe is primarily located in the Kalahandi and Koraput regions of
Orissa. The language is "Parji". They worship numerous gods and
goddesses who live in the hills and forests. They love dance and music
The "Soura" tribe is one of the most
ancient and they are known for being marathon walkers, expert hunters and
climbers. Personal hygiene is of intense importance to them.
are fiercely independents and aggressive, and continue to practice the
barter system of exchanging produce from their fields for their daily needs.
Bondo women prefer to marry younger men because they can have someone who
will earn for them in their old age.
The Kutias are the primitive
section of the Kondh tribal community. Kutias were also quite famous till
the recent years for their unique tradition of 'Maria'(human) sacrifice.
Dongria Kondhs, also a primitive section of the Kondh community are expert
horticulturists and maintain a quite distinct cultural heritage.
The arrival into India could be Delhi or Chennai or Calcutta and we could organize
either a Golden Triangle Tour of Delhi/Agra/Jaipur or Calcutta or Chennai in
the beginning or end of the Orissa tour.
Bhubaneshwar is the starting point to travel into the tribal belt of Orissa.
The tour is visiting the various tribal villages like Baliguda, Rayagada, Jeypore,
Taptapani where we see the primitive Kutia Kondh Tribe, the Dingaria Kondh Tribe,
Bonda Tribe Sanaparoja and Mali Tribes. The tour is meeting and mixing with
these tribes and learning their life-style. The stay during the tribal tour
is in lodges and in basic guesthouses. One should not expect any luxury.